Articles Tagged with NJ Landlord-Tenant

On November 5, 2019, voters in Jersey City, NJ approved expansive regulations on “short term rentals” commonly listed on Airbnb, VRBO and similar sites. These regulations (codified in Chapter 255 of the Jersey City Municipal Code) permit short rentals only in limited circumstances. This post is one of series which will discuss the effects of Ordinance 19-077 on multi-family properties in Jersey City. The discussion begins with: Who can list on Airbnb after 19-077?

Chapter 255 of the Jersey City Municipal Code regulates short-term rentals after January 1, 2020. To understand the ordinance, it is first necessary to know the definition of a short-term rental. Short-term rentals are those residences which meet three conditions. First, the property must be a residential property offered for occupancy by someone other than property’s owner for less than 28 consecutive days. Second, the property must be regularly used and kept open for the lodging of  transient guests. Lastly, the property must be advertised or “held out to the public” as a place regularly rented to transient occupants. Put simply, a short-term rental is one advertised for short stays by non-owners.

After January 1, 2020, short-term rentals not specifically permitted by Chapter 255 are prohibited. Permitted short-term rentals are capped at 60 nights, unless specific owner-occupancy criteria are met.  There are only 5 categories of permissible “cap free” short-term rentals. These categories, all predicated upon owner-occupancy are:

In May 2019, the City of Jersey City made a subtle but substantial change to its rent control ordinance. This change directly impacts the profitability of affected property owners. With the passage of Ord. 19-044, Jersey City revised the definition of “Fair Return” under its rent control ordinance from “6% above the maximum…demand deposit savings account interest rate” to “2.5% above…” The new 2.5%+ “Fair Return” applies to the “equity investment in real property.” The “equity investment” is considered only the “actual cash contribution of the purchaser” at closing, plus any additional principal payments.  The Jersey City ordinance follows the “Investment-Based Standard” and is the most restrictive constitutional rent control formula.

To understand the effect of Ord. 19-044,  it is helpful to restate the amended ordinance in plain language. Stated simply, the revised rent control ordinance “guarantees” a landlord a minimum net income of 2.5%+ measured against the landlord’s cash contribution to the purchase.  In its most basic application, the formula works as follows:

Purchase Price: $800,000

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